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MONTREAL IS LOCATED IN THE SECOND LARGEST PROVINCE OF CANADA: QUÉBEC. ITS NAME COMES FROM 'MONT ROYAL', THE THREE PEAKED MOUNTAIN AT THE HEART OF THE CITY. IT WAS INHABITED BY FIRST NATIONS PEOPLE AS LONG AS 4000 YEARS AGO WHO SLOWLY DEVELOPED HABITATIONS THERE, NOTABLY A SETTLEMENT CALLED 'HOCHELAGA'. THIS SETTLEMENT, LOCATED AT THE FOOT OF MONT ROYAL, WOULD GO ON TO GROW TO A POPULATION OF OVER A THOUSAND PEOPLE  AND WOULD LATER BECOME MODERN-DAY MONTREAL.

JACQUES CARTIER WAS A FRENCH EXPLORER AND CLAIMED CANADA FOR FRANCE IN THE 16TH CENTURY. HE VISITED HOCHELAGA IN 1535. SEVENTY YEARS LATER WHEN ANOTHER FRENCH EXPLORER VISITED, IT WAS REPORTED THAT ALL FIRST NATIONS SETTLEMENTS HAD DISAPPEARED. IT IS BELIEVED THAT THIS WAS DUE TO OUTMIGRATION, EUROPEAN DISEASE OR INTERTRIBAL WARS. MANY FRENCH COLONISTS WOULD BE TRANSPORTED TO MONTREAL, THEN CALLED 'VILLE MARIE', FOR RELIGIOUS PURPOSES. HOWEVER, RAIDS BY FIRST NATIONS TRIBES (THE 'IROQUOIS') GREATLY DIMINISHED THE POPULATION TO BARELY 50 COLONIZERS. EVENTUALLY, MORE COLONIZERS WERE SUMMONED FROM FRANCE AND THE POPULATION GREW TO AROUND 600. AFTER THE SEVEN YEARS' WAR, FRANCE SURRENDERED MONTREAL TO THE BRITISH.

TODAY, MONTREAL REMAINS THE SECOND LARGEST CITY IN CANADA AND STILL RETAINS A TROUBLED RELATIONSHIP WITH MODERN-DAY FIRST NATIONS COMMUNITIES, WHO CARRY RESENTMENT FOR BOTH PAST AND PRESENT TREATMENT. QUÉBEC DEMONSTRATES A TROUBLED RELATIONSHIP WITH CANADA AS A WHOLE WITH THE QUÉBEC SOVEREIGNTY MOVEMENT STILL A LARGE PART OF DOMESTIC CANADIAN POLITICS.

(TWO PICTURES FROM NEIGHBORING ONTARIO TO DISPLAY THE STRONG FIRST NATIONS PRESENCE OF TODAY)